The Greek hero Odysseus is best known for his role in winning the Trojan War and for his long voyage home. Homer sometimes used the term "hero" to refer to any gifted member of the aristocracy, but Odysseus stood apart from his contemporaries in his wit, which equaled that of Zeus.
Some have supposed that "there may originally have been two separate figures, one called something like Odysseus, the other something like Ulixes, who were combined into one complex personality.
The etymology of the name is unknown. In the Iliad and Odyssey there are several further epithets used to describe Odysseus. It has also been suggested that the name is of non-Greek origin, possibly not even Indo-Europeanwith an unknown etymology.
Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin. Hence, Odysseus was the great-grandson of the Olympian god Hermes. According to the Iliad and Odyssey, his father is Laertes  and his mother Anticleaalthough there was a non-Homeric tradition   that Sisyphus was his true father.
Two stories in particular are well known: When Helen is abducted, Menelaus calls upon the other suitors to honour their oaths and help him to retrieve her, an attempt that leads to the Trojan War.
Odysseus tries to avoid it by feigning lunacy, as an oracle had prophesied a long-delayed return home for him if he went. He hooks a donkey and an ox to his plow as they have different stride lengths, hindering the efficiency of the plow and some modern sources add starts sowing his fields with salt.
Odysseus veers the plow away from his son, thus exposing his stratagem. Odysseus and other envoys of Agamemnon travel to Scyros to recruit Achilles because of a prophecy that Troy could not be taken without him. Odysseus cleverly discovers which among the women before him is Achilles when the youth is the only one of them to show interest in examining the weapons hidden among an array of adornment gifts for the daughters of their host.
Odysseus arranges further for the sounding of a battle horn, which prompts Achilles to clutch a weapon and show his trained disposition. Along with Nestor and Idomeneus he is one of the most trusted counsellors and advisors.
When Agamemnon, to test the morale of the Achaeans, announces his intentions to depart Troy, Odysseus restores order to the Greek camp. Along with two other envoys, he is chosen in the failed embassy to try to persuade Achilles to return to combat.
Telamonian Ajaxhowever, is the volunteer who eventually fights Hector. Odysseus aids Diomedes during the night operations to kill Rhesusbecause it had been foretold that if his horses drank from the Scamander RiverTroy could not be taken.
Eventually and reluctantlyhe consents. During the funeral games for PatroclusOdysseus becomes involved in a wrestling match and foot race with Ajax "The Lesser," son of Oileus.
The two are not only foils in the abstract but often opposed in practice since they have many duels and run-ins. According to some, Odysseus never forgives Palamedes for unmasking his feigned madness and plays a part in his downfall.
One tradition says Odysseus convinces a Trojan captive to write a letter pretending to be from Palamedes. He ensures that the letter is found and acquired by Agamemnon, and also gives hints directing the Argives to the gold.
This is evidence enough for the Greeks, and they have Palamedes stoned to death. Other sources say that Odysseus and Diomedes goad Palamedes into descending a well with the prospect of treasure being at the bottom.
When Palamedes reaches the bottom, the two proceed to bury him with stones, killing him.Find out Greek king of Ithaca also called Odysseus Answers.
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Odysseus’ parents were Laertes and Anticlea. He led the Kephallenians on the island of Ithaca, where he was king. His wife was Penelope and they had one son named Telemachos.
Appearance. In artistic representations, Odysseus is shown wearing armor. As described by Homer, the armor is bronze with leather tabs hanging down. In Greek mythology, Odysseus is the great-grandson of Hermes, one of the twelve Olympian Gods.
He is the son of Laertes, the king of Ithaca, and Anticlea and the husband of Penelope and father of a child named Telemachus. Purpose. Odysseus was a Greek hero. He was king of an island called Ithaca and played a major role in the Trojan War.
Origins. The story of Odysseus is found in Homer’s epic, the Odyssey.
Odysseus (pron.: /oʊˈdɪsiəs/ or /oʊˈdɪsjuːs/; Greek: Ὀδυσσεύς, [odysˈsews]), also known by the Roman name Ulysses (/juːˈlɪsiːz/; Latin: Ulyssēs, Ulixēs), was a fictional Greek king of Ithaca and a hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey.
Odysseus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad and other works in that same Epic Cycle. Odysseus (/ oʊ ˈ d ɪ s i ə s, oʊ ˈ d ɪ sj uː s /; Greek: Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, Ὀdysseús [odysse͜ús]), also known by the Latin variant Ulysses (US: / juː ˈ l ɪ s iː z /, UK: / ˈ juː l ɪ s iː z /; Latin: Ulyssēs, Ulixēs), is a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the plombier-nemours.coms: Laërtes, Anticlea.