Weight-loss diets are popular worldwide but have shown mixed health outcomes. However, there is very little research surrounding the cost of all three popular diets.
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Effective management cannot be achieved without an appropriate diet. Our study aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of oat intake and develop a reasonable dietary plan for overweight T2DM patients. A randomized control trial, registered under ClinicalTrials.
A subgroup of overweight subjects was selected and received a day centralized intervention and 1-year free-living follow-up. Participants were randomly allocated to one of the following four groups.
Anthropometric, blood glycemic and lipid variables were measured. Compared to the healthy diet group, the 50 g-oats group had a bigger reduction in PPG mean difference MD: In the 1-year follow-up, greater effects in reducing weight MD: In conclusion, short- and long-term oat intake had significant effects on controlling hyperglycemia, lowering blood lipid and reducing weight.
Our study provided some supportive evidence for recommending oat as a good whole grain selection for overweight diabetics. Introduction Type 2 diabetes T2DM and obesity are both major global health problems, which have been linked with an increased risk of life-threatening comorbidities and enormous economic burdens [ 12 ].
Epidemiological studies report that most of the patients with T2DM are overweight or obese and, similarly, a significant number of obese individuals have diabetes [ 3 ].
This parallel prevalence indicates a strong association between T2DM and obesity. Identification of this association has changed the primary goal of diabetes management in obese and overweight T2DM patients, and now controlling the blood glucose and reducing weight are both promoted [ 5 ].
Effective management of diabetes cannot be achieved without an appropriate diet, especially for type 2 diabetics who are overweight or obese. The recommended diet for controlling diabetes should be rich in dietary fiber, preferably provided by nature and less processed whole grains [ 6 ].
A Harvard study of health professionals found that high intake of whole grains was associated with lower incidence of T2DM [ 7 ] and therefore its benefit could be an important part of a diet which can help to improve diabetic control.
Wholegrain foods can be found in a variety of cereals, but the content and solubility of fiber can vary significantly [ 8 ]. People with diabetes are often advised to select a good source of whole grains. The effects of oat intake have been investigated in several aspects [ 101112 ]. Besides, it has been suggested that oat intake can improve insulin response and decrease postprandial hyperglycemia [ 1114 ].
Although these effects have been supported in many studies, others failed to replicate these. In particular, the effects of oat intake on fasting glucose concentration and weight control remain conflicting [ 1114 ].
Therefore, further work is needed to determine whether oat intake has the reported benefits and whether these benefits could be observed similarly in specific populations, particularly in overweight T2DM patients. To develop a reasonable dietary plan, which includes wholegrain oats, a randomized control trail was conducted among adults with T2DM in Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China.
The sample size of the original study was calculated based on an estimated standard deviation SD of 2. A total of participants were required to detect a difference of 0. Individuals who were heavy smokers smoking more than or equal to 25 cigarettes per day or heavy drinkers drinking more than 25 mL alcohol per dayor had recent changes less than 3 months in diet and physical activities, or had severe cardiovascular, renal or hepatic complications, mental illness or other serious diseases, or recently accepted glucocorticoid treatment, or had already been eating oats or oat products as part of their diet, were excluded.What is the diet?
Eat what you want five days a week, eat next to nothing for two. The part-time diet that still allows you to eat chocolate cake yet lose weight has hit the headlines and taken off in a big way.
The fourth day of the GM diet weight loss program is filled with surprises. Unlike the past three days where you are only allowed to consume fruits and vegetables, Day 4 offers three unlikely meals: bananas, milk and soup.
Such diet analysis is a way to track the entire food one eats for a period of time and analyzes the foods eaten to determine the overall nutritional value of one’s dietary intake.
It also helps to determine one’s diet “weak spots”, potential food allergies or diseasemanagement issues. Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated and supervised fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight, or to prevent and treat diseases, such as diabetes.A restricted diet is often used by those who are overweight or obese, sometimes in combination with physical exercise, to reduce body plombier-nemours.com people follow a diet .
Track and analyze your nutrition, weight loss, diet and fitness over the web. Its free and private! Jul 26, · In addition to facilitate the adhesion to the nutritional regime, each athlete was given a variety of speciality meals CB was responsible for study design and acquisition of data.
LC was responsible for diet prescription and analysis. TM helped to draft the manuscript.
Repeatability of three-day dietary records in the.