Normandy[ edit ] The name of Normandy itself denotes the Viking origin. After their settlement when it became known as "Northmannia" or Land of The Norsemen. The Viking presence in Normandy began with raids into the territory of the Frankish Empire, from the middle of 9th century.
Guerber By Eugene Linden Smithsonian Magazine Subscribe December Roughly 1, years ago, the story goes, a Viking trader and adventurer named Thorfinn Karlsefni set off from the west coast of Greenland with three ships and a band of Norse to explore a newly discovered land that promised fabulous riches.
Snorri, the son of Thorfinn and his wife, Gudrid, is thought to be the first European baby born in North America. Related Content Raiders or Traders?
About three years after starting out, Thorfinn—along with his family and surviving crew—abandoned the North American settlement, perhaps in a hail of arrows. Archaeologists have found arrowheads with the remains of buried Norse explorers.
Just where the family ended up in Iceland has been a mystery that Norse expansion into north america and archaeologists have long tried to clear up.
In Septemberarchaeologist John Steinberg of the University of California at Los Angeles announced that he had uncovered the remains of a turf mansion in Iceland that he believes is the house where Thorfinn, Gudrid and Snorri lived out their days.
For one thing, it could shed new light on the early Norse experience in North America, first substantiated by Helge Ingstad, an explorer, and his wife, Anne Stine Ingstad, an archaeologist.
Inthey discovered the remains of a Viking encampment in Newfoundland dating to the year But the only accounts of how and why Vikings journeyed to the New World, not to mention what became of them, are in Icelandic sagas, centuries-old tales that have traditionally vexed scholars struggling to separate Viking fantasy from Viking fact.
Steinberg did not start out trying to insert himself into a debate about Viking lore, but to survey settlement patterns during Viking times. With his colleague Doug Bolender of NorthwesternUniversity in Chicago, he had developed a method for using an electrical conductivity meter to detect buried artifacts.
The tool—a cumbersome, pound apparatus usually used to identify contaminated groundwater and locate pipes—sends alternating current into the ground. The current induces a magnetic field, and the tool then measures how the magnetic field varies according to the makeup of the soil and the objects buried in it.
The two men fitted the electronic equipment into a foot-long plastic tube and trekked around fields holding the apparatus by their sides, looking for all the world like slowmotion pole vaulters getting ready to vault. There, Steinberg and Bolender charted magnetic anomalies—possible signatures of buried walls and floors of turf houses.
An person team they put together then settled on Skagafjord, on the north coast of Iceland, as the most promising place to conduct their studies. The area is dotted with rills, rivers and thousand-year-old fields green from the abundant rain and long, soft sunlight of summer days in the Far North.
The territory was ideally suited to their technology, layered as it is with known volcanic deposits that coincide with important historical events, enabling the archaeologists to get a good fix on the ages of objects they found.
He points to a green layer that marks a volcanic eruption ina blue layer from one in and a thick, yellow layer from yet another in In the summer ofSteinberg and his colleagues scanned the low fields in Glaumbaer. The work proceeded uneventfully until late August, when the team was about to pack up and leave.
When two undergraduates probing spots that showed low conductivity in earlier scans pulled up their first plug of earth, they looked in the hole and saw a layer of turf—consistent with a turf house—below a yellow layer that marked the eruption of MountHekla in Excited, Steinberg returned in to dig a series of trenches.
By the end ofthe team had plotted the direction and length of one of the walls. The house was so large that it evidently belonged to someone with wealth and power.
All the detail about Norse trips to Vinland as the Norse called North America comes from two accounts:The Norse exploration of North America began in the late 10th century AD when Norsemen explored and settled areas of the North Atlantic including the northeastern fringes of North America.
Remains of Norse buildings were found at L’Anse aux Meadows near the northern tip of Newfoundland in Norse Expansion into North America In or , with the Norse expansion west from Iceland into Greenland, the Icelanders met with a distant world, different from what they had left.
Opportunities for agriculture were grimmer but game resources infinitely greater. research interest is the West Norse expansion into North America.
Before moving to Canada in , she worked at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh where she conducted. The Norse expansion into the North Atlantic occurred between and CE, and may have been caused by a combination of population pressures and political unrest in the Norse homeland.
Aug 21, · The epic voyages of the Vikings to the British Isles, Iceland, North America and points west tend to obscure the fact that the Scandinavian warriors . 1) To deny that Greenland, Newfoundland, Cuba, Hispaniola and other islands are part of North America, and thus to deny that there were any medieval Norse settlements in North America and also deny that the Spanish had any settlements in North America until Veracruz in