The politics of bismarck in 19th century germany

Germany in the 19th Century Timeline created by Brodery Jun 18, The Congress of Vienna In the reorganisation of Europe after the defeat of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna confirmed a confederation of 39 German states comprising free cities, duchies, princely territories as well as the larger kingdoms of Prussia and Bravaria all under the presidency of Austria. In these German states the forces of conservatism dominated and it was claimed that "legitimate" governments had been rightfully restored after the Napoleonic disruption.

The politics of bismarck in 19th century germany

Germany from 1871 to 1918

His father, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismarck —was a Junker estate owner and a former Prussian military officer; his mother, Wilhelmine Luise Mencken —was the well educated daughter of a senior government official in Berlin.

He had two siblings: The world saw Bismarck as a typical Prussian Junker, an image that he encouraged by wearing military uniforms. Bismarck was well educated and cosmopolitan with a gift for conversation. Inwhile stationed as an army reservist in Greifswaldhe studied agriculture at the University of Greifswald.

Motley, who later became an eminent historian and diplomat while remaining close to Bismarck, wrote a novel inMorton's Hope, or the Memoirs of a Provincial, about life in a German university. In it he described Bismarck as a reckless and dashing eccentric, but also as an extremely gifted and charming young man.

Around age thirty, Bismarck formed an intense friendship with Marie von Thadden, newly married to one of his friends. Under her influence, Bismarck became a Pietist Lutheran, and later recorded that at Marie's deathbed from typhoid he prayed for the first time since his childhood.

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Their long and happy marriage produced three children: Johanna was a shy, retiring and deeply religious woman—although famed for her sharp tongue in later life—and in his public life, Bismarck was sometimes accompanied by his sister Malwine "Malle" von Arnim.

Bismarck soon adopted his wife's pietism, and he remained a devout Pietist Lutheran for the rest of his life. Early political career Young politician In Bismarck, aged thirty-two, was chosen as a representative to the newly created Prussian legislature, the Vereinigter Landtag.

There, he gained a reputation as a royalist and reactionary politician with a gift for stinging rhetoric; he openly advocated the idea that the monarch had a divine right to rule. His selection was arranged by the Gerlach brothers, fellow Pietist Lutherans whose ultra-conservative faction was known as the "Kreuzzeitung" after their newspaper, the Neue Preussische Zeitungwhich was so nicknamed because it featured an Iron Cross on its cover.

The monarch, though initially inclined to use armed forces to suppress the rebellion, ultimately declined to leave Berlin for the safety of military headquarters at Potsdam. Bismarck later recorded that there had been a "rattling of sabres in their scabbards" from Prussian officers when they learned that the King would not suppress the revolution by force.

He offered numerous concessions to the liberals: Augusta would have none of it, and detested Bismarck thereafter, [14] despite the fact that he later helped restore a working relationship between Wilhelm and his brother the King. Bismarck was not yet a member of the Landtag, the lower house of the new Prussian legislature.

The liberal movement perished by the end of amid internal fighting. Meanwhile, the conservatives regrouped, formed an inner group of advisers—including the Gerlach brothers, known as the " Camarilla "—around the King, and retook control of Berlin.

Although a constitution was granted, its provisions fell far short of the demands of the revolutionaries.Germany in the 19th Century Germany, as a country, did not exist until Before then, the area that would become Germany consisted of a number of independent states varying in size and power, ranging from kingdoms and grand duchies to principalities, cities and ecclesiastical states.

The politics of bismarck in 19th century germany

The political experience of France and England in the late 19th century demonstrated that Both monarchies and republics could, in their own way, promote the cause of liberal democracy In Imperial Germany, the conservative Chancellor Bismarck believed that the best way to combat the liberalism of the bourgeoisie was.

Rochau's concept was seized upon by German thinkers in the mid and late 19th century and became associated with Otto von Bismarck's statecraft in unifying Germany in the mid 19th century. By , usage of the word Realpolitik was widespread, yet increasingly detached from its original meaning.

The cause of German nationalism became identified with political liberalism and the two went forward together within the framework of the German Confederation that was concocted at the Congress of Vienna to replace the defunct Holy Roman Empire.

Otto von Bismarck: Otto von Bismarck, prime minister of Prussia (, ) and founder and first chancellor () of the German Empire whose time in office took Prussia from the weakest of the five European powers to, as the unified German Empire, the foremost military and industrial power on .

Realpolitik - Wikipedia

A master of complex politics at home, Bismarck created the first welfare state in the modern world, military, and diplomatic relationships in the 19th century. Reaction to Danish and French nationalism provided foci for expressions of German unity.

Otto von Bismarck and Imperial Germany: A Historical Assessment (2nd ed.).Children: Marie, Herbert, Wilhelm.

Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Germany - EuroDocs