Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape.
Two current papers by authors with very different backgrounds, one a former U.
Both agree corruption is pervasive and that it has done much harm to the state and its citizens. Not surprisingly perhaps, given who they are and where they sit, they offer quite different assessments of where the country stands in the fight against corruption.
When it comes to what can be done, he offers nothing beyond a scheme to help policymakers make sense of the dizzying variety of forms corruption in the country takes. My money is on Owasanoye and not just because I had the opportunity to hear him deliver his talk. As his paper shows, he is an informed and knowledgeable student of corruption, in Nigeria and elsewhere, with a clear sense of what the priorities in the fight are.
There is no substitute for homegrown expertise in any policy arena, be it health, education, or corruption.
Tackling corruption requires individuals steeped not only in the learning on how to combat corruption in its many forms but who deeply understand the context in which that learning is to be applied.
Professor Owasanoye clearly qualifies on both scores. Nor is he unique. If I, and I trust the readers of this blog, hold any belief dear, it is that to prevail corruption fighters must come to the fight armed with the most up-to-date learning and tools on offer. With the creation of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission and the appointment of Nuhu Ribadu as its first executive chair, the country began a serious effort to investigate and prosecute high-level corruption.
The path has not been ever upward. Ribadu had to flee Nigeria to avoid assassination and his replacement did much to tear down the agency he built; but the EFCC rebounded.
Critics say its prosecutions have been politically biased, aimed at government opponents. While Page unfortunately regurgitates this claim in his paper, the evidence offers little to support it. What it shows is that most of the criticism of the EFCC emanates from those who fear they will soon be a target of its persistent and brave investigators upwards of have been murdered for doing their job.
The few Finance Ministry directives on procurement were not public, procuring entities were not required to put tenders out for competitive bids, suppliers had no recourse if their bid was rejected, and political interference in procurement decisions was commonplace.
Like the model law, the PPA requires competitive procurement in all but limited, carefully specified situations; establishes a central unit, the Public Procurement Bureau, to review procurements and supervise the activities of procuring entities; increases transparency in procurements; and creates a system of administrative review for aggrieved suppliers.
Unlike many national procurement laws, it covers government corporations, meaning most significantly the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation. To be sure, enforcement of the PPA leaves much to be desired. But criticism of the level of enforcement needs to be tempered by recalling that the Bureau of Public Procurement was only established in and a formal training center for its staff and EFCC and ICPC staff only begun in In less than two decades, then, while presidents with different interests and different commitments to fighting corruption have come and gone, a first-rate procurement law has been enacted, a widely admired agency established to oversee its implementation, and a program to train a professional procurement cadre initiated.
Groups at the federal and state-level have emerged over the past two decades to force elected officials and bureaucrats to act. Yes, corruption remains a horrendous problem in Nigeria.A Case Study of Corruption and Public Accountability in Nigeria. Executive Summary. In , Nigeria was ranked th out of countries surveyed by the Transparency recommendations for reducing the level of corruption in Nigeria with substantial accountability mechanisms.
See the 15 ways to tackle corruption in Nigeria. Here you will find the many definitions of corruption, types of corruption, causes of corruption, effects of corruption and ways to combat it.
Most parts of the world see Nigerians as “fantastically corrupt” to quote Mr. David Cameron the former Prime Minister of Britain.
Nigeria justifiably has a reputation for corruption and criminal networks. But it is by no means one of the two most corrupt countries in the . Another area of focus cited by Jonathan was the reformation of the electoral process.
Noting the irregularities associated with the presidential election, he vowed to make fair and transparent elections a priority, beginning with those scheduled for Nigeria continues to enjoy pride of place in the global discourse on corruption. A Google search for “Nigeria corruption” brings up more than 53 million entries led by a lengthy Wikipedia article on the subject.
Matthew’s bibliography lists over books, monographs, and scholarly articles. Building cybersecurity skills is a must; paying a lot for the education is optional. Here are seven options for increasing knowledge without depleting a budget.